A Brief Chesstory of the Game ...

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The history of chess goes back almost 1500 years. The game originated in northern India in the 6th century AD and spread to Persia. When the Arabs conquered Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and subsequently, through the Moorish conquest of Spain, spread to Southern Europe.

In Europe, the moves of the pieces changed in the 15th century. The modern game starts with these changes. In the second half of the 19th century, modern tournament play began. Chess clocks were first used in 1883, and the first world chess championship was held in 1886. The 20th century saw advances in chess theory, and the establishment of the World Chess Federation (FIDE). Chess engines (programmes that play chess), and chess data bases became important as technical advances were made.

Milestones of the game

500AD: Invented in India as "Chaturanga" before spreading to Persia.
600AD: First clear reference to chess, in a Persian manuscript.
700AD: Date of first undoubted chess pieces.
800AD: Moors bring chess to Spain and Sicily.
900AD: Early Muslim chess masters, as-Suli and al-Lajlaj write works on the technique of chess.
1000AD: Chess widespread in Europe, including Russia.
1300AD: First European comments on chess in sermons and stories.
1475–1500AD: Birth of the modern game: especially new moves for queen and bishop.
1495: First printed chess book.
1497: First printed chess book to survive to the present day.
1600: First professional player-writers.
1780s: First master games to be recorded as they were played.
1836: First chess magazine.
1851: First international chess tournament. (In London - won by German Adolf Andersson)
1866: First match to be timed by clock.
1883: First tournament to use specially designed chess clocks.
1886: First acknowledged world championship match.
1924: The governing body of world chess - FIDE - was formed (20 July).
1966: An International Chess Day proposed by UNESCO and be celebrated each year on 20 July.