Take Note ...

Below are the standard symbols used when notating a game of chess ...

Website sponsored by ...
Official Staunton Chess Company & Chess4Schools
Details via "Sponsors" section of drop-down box on "Welcome" page

ssss

The chess board shown on the left is how the pieces are set up before the start of a game (White on rows 1 and 2)

The chess board on the right indicates the reference to each square for when notating or discussing a particular move.

The letters shown are the "Files" (ie: Vertical)

The numbers shown are the "Ranks" (ie: Horizontal)

Each square on the board has its own rank and file number (ie: The square on the fourth column along from the left and the third row down from the top is "d6")

(NB - When indicating a square, the letter always goes before the number).

Also note when starting a game that the bottom right-hand square (h1) is always white (ie WHITE IS RIGHT !)

These are the symbols for each piece on the chess board ...

K = KING
Q = QUEEN
B = BISHOP
N = KNIGHT
R = ROOK
P = PAWN

Notation for indicating a move has taken place is written as ...

1st .... THE PIECE MOVED (As a capital letter)
2nd ... THE FILE LETTER IT HAS MOVED TO (As a small letter)
3rd .... THE RANK NUMBER IT HAS MOVED TO

ie: A Rook moving to b7 is noted as Rb7
R = Rook b = File letter 7 = Rank number

If the Rook is capturing a piece on b7 it is noted as Rxb7
R = Rook x = Capture b = File letter 7 = Rank number

However, if it was possible for both Rooks to move to b7 then it will be required to show which Rook moved by also notating the square it came FROM.

ie: If one Rook was on b3 and the other Rook on g7, with the one on b3 having made the move, it would be notated as Rb3-b7.

These are the symbols for whenever certain moves are made during a game ...

x = ANY OPPOSING PIECE CAPTURED
+ = OPPOSING KING PUT IN CHECK

0-0 = CASTLED ON KING'S SIDE
0-0-0 = CASTLED ON QUEEN'S SIDE

Notation for Pawn moves

Whenever a pawn moves it is only required to notate the square which it has gone to and NOT show a "p" before it.

ie: If a pawn moves to "b7" the notation would just show "b7"

Click on this link for a comprehensive guide to chess notation

These are the symbols to record the result of a game ...

# = CHECKMATE
1 - 0 = BLACK RESIGNS (ie White Wins)
0 - 1 = WHITE RESIGNS (ie Black Wins)
1/2 = DRAW

Chess board

Pawn Promotion

If a pawn reaches the far end of the board it is replaced by any higher-valued piece of its own colour except a King.

If, for example, a pawn reached f8 and was replaced with a Queen, the notation would be ...
f8 = Q

These are the symbols which can be written during a game but just for a player's own personal use when analysing it later ...

!! = BRILLIANT MOVE
! = GOOD MOVE
? = BAD MOVE
?? = HORRIBLE BLUNDER